The 3 Types of Sleep Apnea to Know


Central sleep apnea can come up for quite a lot of causes, together with congestive coronary heart failure, stroke, and even from sleeping at excessive altitudes or taking a heavy dose of opiates.

The central sleep apnea signs will be much like these of obstructive sleep apnea. In keeping with the Mayo Clinic, they embody:

What are some central sleep apnea remedy choices?

Central sleep apnea remedy varies, relying on why the sleep apnea is happening. For instance, if central sleep apnea is brought on by congestive coronary heart failure, it might be handled by treating the congestive coronary heart failure, Dr. Becker tells SELF. Different remedies embody supplemental oxygen, CPAP, lowering the dosage for opioid medicines, or a remedy referred to as bilevel optimistic airway strain (BiPAP). BiPAP is a type of airway strain remedy that delivers strain while you breathe in and a unique quantity of strain while you breathe out.

What’s combined sleep apnea?

Combined sleep apnea is a type of sleep apnea that mixes obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Typically one kind will likely be extra predominant than the opposite, which means somebody might have a bit extra of the obstructive sleep apnea part or a bit extra of the central sleep apnea part, Dr. Becker says.

What are some combined sleep apnea remedy choices?

Usually, CPAP is used to deal with combined sleep apnea, as a result of in lots of instances, this remedy can successfully handle the presentation of each obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. There are uncommon instances the place treating obstructive sleep apnea with CPAP remedy can set off one thing referred to as complicated sleep apnea (also referred to as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea), physicians say. That is when somebody with obstructive sleep apnea develops central sleep apnea due to the CPAP remedy. Typically this resolves with continued CPAP remedy, however in different instances, further remedies are needed10.

Right here’s what it’s best to find out about a sleep apnea analysis. 

Sleep apnea can range in severity from one individual to the following. “Sleep apnea impacts everybody in another way,” Dr. Holfinger says. “Whereas some folks might have extreme signs with only a few sleep apnea occasions, others might not be capable of inform that their sleep is affected in any respect within the presence of extreme sleep apnea.”

Analysis3 reveals that upwards of 80% of individuals with obstructive sleep apnea go undiagnosed. This can be resulting from a lack of know-how of sleep apnea danger elements and low screening charges amongst folks with comorbidities like diabetes, heart problems, and hypertension.

Docs use a bunch of various assessments to display for and diagnose sleep apnea. These can embody a sleep historical past that appears at your typical sleep patterns and habits, signs, a bodily examination, and a polysomnogram, which is a sleep research that may happen at dwelling or in a sleep middle to gather information on measures like air circulation, carbon dioxide ranges, oxygen ranges, eye motion, and coronary heart price. These measures assist your physician perceive whether or not or not you have got sleep apnea, and what kind of sleep apnea you have got.

Nowadays, dwelling sleep research have gotten an increasing number of frequent, permitting folks to endure this testing from the comfort and luxury of their very own dwelling, Dr. Becker tells SELF. In case you suspect you or a cherished one might have sleep apnea, it’s necessary to see a physician, as a result of sleep apnea analysis and remedy are necessary in stopping future problems. Getting remedy cannot solely enable you really feel higher, however it could actually additionally enable you be proactive in caring on your general well being.  

Sources:

1. Nature and Science of Sleep, Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Current Perspectives
2. Journal of Thoracic Disease, Obstructive Sleep Apnea Is a Common Disorder In the Population
3. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction with Sleep Apnea Treatment
4. Chinese Medical Journal, Treatment-Emergent Central Sleep Apnea: A Unique Sleep-Disordered Breathing

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